I am ruler, assembler of goods, observer foremost among those deserving the sacrifice. Me have the gods distributed in many places—so that I have many stations and cause many things to enter me. Through me he eats food—whoever sees, whoever breathes, whoever hears what is spoken.
Without thinking about it, they live on me. Just I myself say this, savored by gods and men: "Whom I love, just him I make formidable, him a formulator, him a seer, him of good wisdom". I stretch the bow for Rudra, for his arrow to smash the hater of the sacred formulation. I make combat for the people. I have entered Heaven and Earth. I give birth to Father Heaven on his own head [Agni]; my womb is in the waters, in the sea.
Thence I spread forth across all worlds, and yonder heaven with its height I touch. I, just like the wind, blow forth, grasping at all worlds, beyond heaven, beyond this earth here—of such size in my greatness have I come into being. The Devi Upanishad in its explanation of the theology of Shaktism, mentions and praises Shiva such as in its verse In the Smarta tradition of Hinduism, Shiva is a part of its Panchayatana puja. Philosophically, the Smarta tradition emphasizes that all idols murti are icons to help focus on and visualize aspects of Brahman, rather than distinct beings.
The ultimate goal in this practice is to transition past the use of icons, recognize the Absolute symbolized by the icons,  on the path to realizing the nondual identity of one's Atman soul, self and the Brahman. Shiva is considered the Great Yogi who is totally absorbed in himself — the transcendental reality.
He is the Lord of Yogis , and the teacher of Yoga to sages. The theory and practice of Yoga, in different styles, has been a part of all major traditions of Hinduism, and Shiva has been the patron or spokesperson in numerous Hindu Yoga texts. These ideas are estimated to be from or after the late centuries of the 1st millennium CE, and have survived as Yoga texts such as the Isvara Gita literally, 'Shiva's song' , which Andrew Nicholson — a professor of Hinduism and Indian Intellectual History — states have had "a profound and lasting influence on the development of Hinduism".
Other famed Shiva-related texts influenced Hatha Yoga , integrated monistic Advaita Vedanta ideas with Yoga philosophy and inspired the theoretical development of Indian classical dance. These include the Shiva Sutras , the Shiva Samhita , and those by the scholars of Kashmir Shaivism such as the 10th-century scholar Abhinavagupta.
The Trimurti is a concept in Hinduism in which the cosmic functions of creation, maintenance, and destruction are personified by the forms of Brahma the creator, Vishnu the maintainer or preserver and Shiva the destroyer or transformer. According to Gavin Flood , "Shiva is a god of ambiguity and paradox," whose attributes include opposing themes. The duality of Shiva's fearful and auspicious attributes appears in contrasted names.
The name Rudra reflects Shiva's fearsome aspects. According to traditional etymologies, the Sanskrit name Rudra is derived from the root rud- , which means "to cry, howl". Sharma follows this alternate etymology and translates the name as "terrible".
Sharma translates the three as "one who captivates", "one who consolidates", and "one who destroys". This name was adopted by the great Vedanta philosopher Adi Shankara c.
Shiva is depicted as both an ascetic yogi and as a householder grihasta , roles which have been traditionally mutually exclusive in Hindu society.
As a family man and householder, he has a wife, Parvati and two sons, Ganesha and Kartikeya. The consorts of Shiva are the source of his creative energy.
They represent the dynamic extension of Shiva onto this universe. Some regional deities are also identified as Shiva's children. As one story goes, Shiva is enticed by the beauty and charm of Mohini , Vishnu's female avatar, and procreates with her. As a result of this union, Shasta — identified with regional deities Ayyappan and Aiyanar — is born. When it requires the world or universe to be destroyed, Shiva does it by the Tandava,   and Lasya , which is graceful and delicate and expresses emotions on a gentle level and is considered the feminine dance attributed to the goddess Parvati.
This form represents Shiva in his aspect as a teacher of yoga, music, and wisdom and giving exposition on the shastras. According to Ellen Goldberg, the traditional Sanskrit name for this form is best translated as "the lord who is half woman", not as "half-man, half-woman". Shiva is often depicted as an archer in the act of destroying the triple fortresses, Tripura , of the Asuras. Apart from anthropomorphic images of Shiva, he is also represented in aniconic form of a lingam.
One common form is the shape of a vertical rounded column in the centre of a lipped, disk-shaped object, the yoni , symbolism for the goddess Shakti. It implies the regenerative divine energy innate in nature, symbolized by Shiva. In that hymn, a description is found of the beginningless and endless Stambha or Skambha , and it is shown that the said Skambha is put in place of the eternal Brahman.
Just as the Yajna sacrificial fire, its smoke, ashes, and flames, the Soma plant, and the ox that used to carry on its back the wood for the Vedic sacrifice gave place to the conceptions of the brightness of Shiva's body, his tawny matted hair, his blue throat, and the riding on the bull of the Shiva, the Yupa-Skambha gave place in time to the Shiva-Linga. The oldest known archaeological linga as an icon of Shiva is the Gudimallam lingam from 3rd-century BCE. Five is a sacred number for Shiva.
These are represented as the five faces of Shiva and are associated in various texts with the five elements, the five senses, the five organs of perception, and the five organs of action. Puranic scriptures contain occasional references to "ansh" — literally 'portion, or avatars of Shiva', but the idea of Shiva avatars is not universally accepted in Saivism.
For example, in the Hanuman Chalisa , Hanuman is identified as the eleventh avatar of Shiva. Maha Shivaratri is a major Hindu festival, but one that is solemn and theologically marks a remembrance of "overcoming darkness and ignorance" in life and the world,  and meditation about the polarities of existence, of Shiva and a devotion to humankind.
Others visit one of the Shiva temples or go on pilgrimage to Jyotirlingam shrines. Those who visit temples, offer milk, fruits, flowers, fresh leaves and sweets to the lingam. Another major festival involving Shiva worship is Kartik Purnima , commemorating Shiva's victory on the demons Tripurasura.
Across India, various Shiva temples are illuminated throughout the night. Shiva icons are carried in procession in some places. Thiruvathira is a festival observed in Kerala dedicated to Shiva. It is believed that on this day, Parvathi met Lord Shiva after her long penance and Lord Shiva took her as his wife. The festival is one where both the Vaishnava and Shaiva communities join the celebrations, because Vishnu gives away his sister Minakshi in marriage to Shiva.
Some Shaktism-related festivals revere Shiva along with the goddess considered primary and Supreme. These include festivals dedicated to Annapurna such as Annakuta and those related to Durga. The ascetic, Vedic and Tantric sub-traditions related to Shiva, such as those that became ascetic warriors during the Islamic rule period of India,   celebrate the Kumbha Mela festival.
The biggest is in Prayaga renamed Allahabad during the Mughal rule era , where millions of Hindus of different traditions gather at the confluence of rivers Ganges and Yamuna.
In the Hindu tradition, the Shiva-linked ascetic warriors Nagas get the honor of starting the event by entering the Sangam first for bathing and prayers. In Shaivism of Indonesia, the popular name for Shiva has been Batara Guru , which is derived from Sanskrit Bhattaraka which means "noble lord". Batara Guru's wife in southeast Asia is the same Hindu deity Durga, who has been popular since ancient times, and she too has a complex character with benevolent and fierce manifestations, each visualized with different names such as Uma, Sri, Kali and others.
However, among the texts that have survived into the contemporary era, the more common are of those of Shaiva Siddhanta locally also called Siwa Siddhanta, Sridanta. In the pre-Islamic period on the island of Java , Shaivism and Buddhism were considered very close and allied religions, though not identical religions. Shaivism was also popular in Sogdia and the Kingdom of Yutian as found from the wall painting from Penjikent on the river Zervashan.
The god enjoys an exalted position as a household deity in Japan and is worshipped as the god of wealth and fortune. Shiva as Upaya and Shakti as Prajna. In contemporary culture, Shiva is depicted in films, books, tattoos and art. He has been referred to as "the god of cool things"  and a "bonafide rock hero".
Popular films include the Gujarati language movie Har Har Mahadev ,  the Kannada movie Gange Gowri and well-known books include Amish Tripathi 's Shiva Trilogy , which has sold over a million copies.
Mahadev , a television serial about Lord Shiva on the Life OK channel was among the most watched shows at its peak popularity. In the Final Fantasy videogame series, Shiva is often depicted as a benevolent ancient being of Ice Element who frequently aids the heroes against mighty foes via summoning.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Hindu god. For the Jewish period of mourning, see Shiva Judaism. For other uses, see Shiva disambiguation. For the film, see Neelkanth film. For the bird, see Indian roller. One of the principal deities of Hinduism. A statue of Shiva meditating in the Padmasana. Main article: Shiva Sahasranama. See also: History of Shaivism.
Main article: Pashupati seal. Self-realization and Shaiva Upanishads He who sees himself in all beings, And all beings in him, attains the highest Brahman , not by any other means.
See also: Roots of Hinduism. Main articles: Shaivism and History of Shaivism. Blessing of Lord Shiva. Brass Bell inside Mitheswarnath Shiv Temple. Chatur-Bhuja Shiva. Chota Shiv Mandir. Concrete Statue of Lord Shiva at Night. Cornerstone of Mitheswarnath Shiv Temple. Dakshinaamoorthy sthothram Page 1. Dancing Shiva. Detail of the mountain used to churn the ocean with Lord Shiva shown dancing on the top of it and Lord Vishnu as Kurma avatar at the base of the mountain.
Dutcheshwar Mahadev. Dutcheswar Shivling langs de A2 ter hoogte van Breukelen. Ghata Of Shiva. God is Eveywhere 2. God is Eveywhere. Gods of Unakoti. Gurudwara Manikaran Sahib. Hajari Mahadev Mela. Hari Shankhar Statue. Haridwar, ganga river. Hindu bells in a Shiva temple. Hindu hand in front of Shiva. Imagination Imposing Shiva. Indra, Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu and Surya. Essential Hinduism. Greenwood Publishing Group.
India: A History. Grove Press. Res: Anthropology and aesthetics 1. DOI : ISSN Rowman Altamira. Woodard University of Illinois Press. The Book of Shiva. Penguin Books. Bruce Numen 18 3. Palgrave Macmillan. Palmer Dionysus: Myth and Cult.
Indiana University Press. The Presence of Siva. Princeton University Press. Agni and Others. Oxford University Press US. Woodard 18 August Richard Blurton Hindu Art. Harvard University Press. Indian Sculpture: Circa B. Sivaramamurti Not long after this, Shiva escaped her captors and reunited with her squadron. At the beginning of the night, Shiva was walking down an alley when she was ambushed by a gang of Thugs. Despite being vastly outnumbered, Shiva was able to incapacitate and kill them all with ease.
She was then given a mission folder from one of Black Mask's Gang members. She was seen on the video of the drone on the Batcomputer surrounded by thugs, fought them, and was delivered an envelope of Batman, who was wanted dead by Black Mask.
While taking up the hunt along with the other assassins, Shiva, knowing that "The Master" was interested in him, instead opted to test Batman's mantle; intending to pick up the reward as a consolation prize if he failed the test. Shiva first lured Batman, by using an abandoned baby carriage and a recording of a crying baby. Shiva then instructed Batman to find and save an "Innocent Man" before he died in Burnley.
Shiva used her ninjas to further test his abilities. Batman was able to save the innocent police officer, that Shiva and her ninjas had captured, and also tracked down the body of another officer that Shiva had killed due to his corruption. While disappointed that Batman had refused to agree that Gotham needed to be purged instead of rehabilitated, Shiva instructed Batman to go to Wonder Tower in Sheldon Park to finish the test, which involved a trial of Combat between Batman, a group of League of Assassins Ninjas, and herself.
With Batman surviving the trail and besting her ninjas, Shiva allowed Batman to live, withdrew herself from the hunt, and said that he was as good as her master had said. Batman attempted to take Shiva into custody, but she vanished, never to be seen again. Much of what follows between Arkham Origins and Arkham Asylum was left uncertain.
Though she didn't make a direct appearance, her actions were ultimately responsible for Arkham City being constructed. Yoga philosophy Bhagavad Gita Yoga Vasistha. Pranava yoga Nada yoga. Lotus position Roots of Yoga Shinshin-toitsu-do. Yogachara Zazen. Shingon Buddhism Tendai.This is "Шива" by Video on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.